5 Edible Plants to For Beginner Balcony Gardeners


Learn about the easy-to-grow plants that you can grow in your balcony garden planters

5 edible plants

Starting your very own balcony vegetable garden is all about planning. It may seem difficult to grow vegetables and other edible plants on a small city balcony. However, with the right plants on your balcony, you’ll be set up for a successful garden. Most beginners find that there are more plants that thrive in balcony garden planters than they ever thought possible! If you are interested in learning more about which plants work best for beginner balcony gardeners, keep reading!

Things to Consider Before Buying Plants

Find out the things you need to know before you start choosing plants for your balcony garden planter

5 edible plant to try growing

If you don’t do your research, you’ll end up with the wrong kind of plants for your garden.

Before you start growing veggies and other greens in your garden, there are some essential things to consider in the preparation stages. First, you need to be conscious of your balcony garden planter. Most edible plants require 12” to 18” pots so they can have ample space for roots to grow. It is also important to make sure that you are using planters that have proper drainage holes. Otherwise, stagnant water in the pot will cause the roots of your plants to rot.

In order to start properly planning your balcony garden, you need to narrow down your plant options. There are some plants that cannot be planted near each other, so do your research to avoid making this common beginner’s mistake. For example, plants that are a part of the same family require the same nutrients. If you plant similar plants next to each other, they will end up competing for the same nutrients, making normal growth difficult. Because of this, you need to make sure that you choose a diverse set of plants for your balcony garden planter.

The last thing you need to make sure of is your balcony conditions. If you are living in an apartment building, there are a lot of variables to pay attention to such as sunlight (often limited in cities), wind, average daily temperatures, and average seasonal rain.

Once you’ve made these considerations and surveyed your balcony environment, it’s time to start selecting your plants.

1.   Swiss Chard

If your balcony gets a lot of shade, Swiss chard could be the perfect addition to your balcony garden planter

edible plants

Try your hand at growing Swiss chard.

Leafy greens love the shade — which is why Swiss chard is an excellent choice for your edible balcony garden. Swiss chard has the advantage of being one of the hardiest plants to grow and one of the most versatile ingredients in the kitchen. Just be sure that your balcony gets 6+ hours of shade per day to avoid burning your plants. Use Swiss chard in a recipe next time instead of kale or spinach. You never know, Swiss chard could overtake kale as the world’s trendiest ingredient at any moment.

2.   Peppers

Fresh peppers are even more delicious when they come from your own balcony garden planter

plants for a garden tower


Use peppers to add some color to your garden.

Peppers are excellent options for balcony gardens as they are small enough to grow almost anywhere. It is important to remember that peppers need vertical support to grow. But, other than that, peppers are one of the best choices for beginners learning how to take care of a balcony garden.

3.   Beans

If your balcony garden planter gets a lot of sun, you can try your hands at growing beans

garden tower, edible plants


Beans are ideal for sunny balconies.

If you notice that your balcony is a bit too sunny to grow Swiss chard, then you might have just enough sun to successfully grow beans. Beans require anywhere from 6-8 hours of sunlight per day. If you want to find out how much sunlight your balcony garden planter receives per day, set a timer and observe how long your balcony receives sunlight per day. If you live in a city, surrounding buildings will have a big impact on the amount of daily sunlight your garden will receive.

4.   Cucumbers

Cucumbers are another useful and easy-to-grow option for your balcony garden planter

plants great for garden towers

Perfect for people interested in pickling.

If you’ve observed that your balcony gets a lot of sunlight, you should also consider growing cucumbers. Cucumbers require 6+ hours of sunlight per day to grow normally and can add a decorative element to your edible garden. The vines tend to like attaching and growing around surrounding balcony areas, making them both visually appealing and useful in the kitchen.

5.   Tomatoes

Supplement your garden and your kitchen with a tomato plant

edible plants for garden towers

Enjoy fresh tomatoes all summer from your very own garden.

Tomatoes have long been a favorite for home gardeners, but did you know that they work well for balcony gardens too? The tricky thing about growing tomatoes is that there are so many different varieties. To find the plants that will work best for your balcony garden planter, you should first look for varieties that are compact. This is a balcony garden, after all, so larger varieties will have more trouble growing in a small space. Pay attention to recommended sun and water levels for each type of tomato and choose a kind that will thrive on your balcony.

Now that we’ve discovered 5 edible plants for beginner balcony gardens, it’s time for you to start making some important decisions. Remember, doing your research and planning is the first and most important step in the process — so don’t get ahead of yourself!



edible plants
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5 Edible Plants to For Beginner Balcony Gardeners

4 thoughts on “5 Edible Plants to For Beginner Balcony Gardeners

  • I love this post and I really learned a lot. I am so printing this out! I want to try to grow several of these plants listed.

    • Thank you, Heather. That means a lot. I hope you have a lot of luck in your gardening 🙂

  • This is a great idea for me. I share a yard so I really can’t grow a garden.

    • Shelly, it would be a great idea for you. Fresh veggies are always great.

      I want to try it because I’ve FINALLY been able to keep two plants alive. It’s quite an accomplishment for me. I want to branch out. I’m trying all types of stuff right now.


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